from the St. Regis brochure history, "History and Culture
From distant shores, the legacies of two influential families one of royal birth and the other of prominence and wealth were destined to unfold on the island of Kaua'i. The Kamehameha royal family enjoyed their visits to the north shore of Kaua'i. In 1860, it was during one of their sojourns with their cherished son, Albert that the area was renamed, "the barony de Princeville", the city of the prince.
The internationally acclaimed St. Regis New York, is the original landmark hotel built by John Jacob Astor in 1904. The Astors defined the height of "American aristocracy" during the Gilded Age in the 18th and 19th century. The family built a legacy of premiere hotels and legendary service. The St. Regis Princeville Resort resides in Princeville at Hanalei. It is located in the moku (land division) of Halele'a (the house of joy). Halele'a was noted in ancient times as the most beautiful place in the Hawaiian Islands. This area and its immediate surroundings were kula lands- land available to the maka'ainana or common person for cultivation and fishing.
The site of the hotel was known as Pu'u Poa or Pu'u Pa'oa-- Pu'u meaning mountain and Pa'oa meaning the staff of the Fire Goddess, Pele who when searching for a new home would strike her staff into the earth to create a new crater. Directly below the hotel are remnants of an ancient Hawaiian fishpond built in prehistoric time. Known as Kamo'omaika'i it was one of the few kuapa (ocean wall) type fishponds on Kaua'i.